Berlin Bust of Nefertiti Nefertiti in Hieroglyphics
"And the heiress, great in the palace, fair of face, adorned with the double plumes, mistress of happiness, endowed with favours, at hearing whose voice the king rejoices, the chief wife of the king, his beloved, the lady of the two lands, Nefertiti, may she live for ever and always": Inscription on a stelae of Queen Nefertiti's husband Pharaoh Akhenaten

Nefertiti was a queen of Ancient Egypt who existed during the Amarna period of Egypt's 18th Dynasty. She was known mainly for her great beauty, making her one of the most well known queens in Egypt. Nefertiti's name means 'The beautiful woman has come'. She was married to Amenhotep III who later changed his name to Akhenaten in honour of the one sun god Aten (represented by the sun disc). Nefertiti also changed her name in honour of Aten: Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti' or 'The Aten is radiant because the-beautiful one has come' or just Neferneferuaten, 'Perfect One of the Aten's perfection'.

Nefertiti Picture

During this period Akhenaten introduced monotheism (worshiping only one god) to Egypt whereas before polytheism (the worshiping of several gods) was the norm. This shut down temples and lead to priests losing a majority of their wealth and power. Nefertiti joined her husband in worship of this new religion. In this religion, she was a priestess. It was believed that only through the combined royal pair could the full blessing of god Aten be bestowed.

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